As the use of the Internet grows, the number of threats that users face increases as well. With the Internet expected to drive business and lifestyle behaviors in the future, security experts expect that the number and sophistication of these online security threats will increase. Companies that rely on the Internet to facilitate several or all of their work-related processes will be wise to learn as much as possible about these threats. This begins with increasing one’s knowledge of some of the key terms in application security, which include:
Active deception refers to techniques used to fool hackers in order to make it possible for security experts to identify them. Security systems that use this approach generate traps and decoys which look like the technology assets the hacker is after. When the attacker goes after these fake assets, the system secretly flags the breach to the security administrator and begins to collect information about the hacker.
This refers to a process where the system monitors and collects data about the behavior of one or several applications in a system. The purpose is to help the system detect any change in behavior or interaction in the application that can help trigger an alarm that an attack is taking place. Application profiling tools can also be programmed to monitor additional hardware devices that are attached to the system. These include external hard drives, flash drives, and other hardware.
Application Programming Interface (API) Security
This refers to tools and processes of protecting an organization’s API and the data that is transmitted through them. There are numerous tools that are used for this purpose including geo-fencing where a security system only allows the system to be accessed by individuals within a defined geo-perimeter such as an office building. Other tools include brute-force protection where the system prevents attackers from accessing the system by running a variety of different passwords until they find one that works. The system prevents this by setting up a limit on how many wrong attempts can be made before the system shuts down.
Active Attacker Fingerprinting
This refers to the process of identifying a hacker through certain unique characteristics. These characteristics include browser type, their OS, and many other features. Systems can also be wired to observe other unusual features such as fonts and plug-ins. Advanced security systems can store these features and use them to identify a hacker when he or she tries to attack the system again.
Attack signatures refer to the unique characteristics of a hack. Many security systems use attack signatures to identify threats and react to them. If a new kind of attack is initiated, then the system might not be able to detect it as it won’t have an existing attack signature to identify. The reactive nature of the process makes it vulnerable to new attacks and the computer security administrator has to ensure that the database of attack signatures is as up to date as possible.
Concerned about your own online security? Before accessing the Internet, it is recommended that one connects to a private proxy server first as it can help add an additional layer of security between outside traffic and your servers.