The economic structure of liberal countries and the Internet infrastructure functions in a manner that censorship is almost improbable to implement. You will come to know that these 5 countries that have enforced internet censorship are missing some key elements.
The Russian Internet Restriction Bill enforced internet censorship in Russia, with the law having passed in the year 2012. The federal law gives administration the right of blocking sites advocating suicide, extremism, child pornography and drug abuse. Although the bill made its way with the claim of protecting Russian citizens, critics claim that it encourages censorship. The law in question mentions that data must be stored in Russia-based server. Although it may appear like a good move to guarantee privacy, but it’s also a way of shutting down social media.
Saudi Arabia has an efficiently functioning system for Internet restriction. It does not only block something considered as ‘immoral’ according to Islam, but also any sort of political content against royal families. On a positive note, the internet censorship is also employed for waging a successful war against terrorist groups that force their philosophies among residents. The biggest reason behind the efficacy of the system is the citizens themselves informing the government about pornographic or gambling websites. Over 1200 requests come up every day to block certain websites. With such tremendous support, internet censorship will continue to flourish in Arab.
With one of the most stringent censorships in the world, Iran censors anything related to porn or violence. Over 50% of the top 500 sites globally are blocked in Iran, and websites are filtered based on keywords. Before being allowed through a router, each word is monitored. Any sort of website or link not recognized by the firewall is cut off within a minute. The nationwide speed has been capped by the government at 128kbps per user. That is roughly half the speed we have in the United States today.
Over the past few years, Pakistan has imposed strict censorship for political, cultural and religious reasons. It has come down hard on social media to avoid any freedom of speech on internet. It has also taken safety measures to curtail online anonymity by connecting their accounts to phone numbers. Mobile phones are linked to user fingerprints, making sure that the administration can link phone numbers to individuals. Such restrictions put Internet Freedom at stake, and the reason why Human Rights Watch has asked for a termination of these policies. These stringent measures are only going to get poor with time.
Vietnam government makes sure that no anti-communist or anti-government articles or any related content are ever watched or read by its residents. The objective of internet censorship in Vietnam is mostly political. However, it still bans bloggers and users of social media from assembling any details about government authorities or websites. A law known as Decree 72 has provisions to take down content that is invasive to national security, create legal liability for ISPs and to filter content. Since 2013, the highest number of dissidents and bloggers have been jailed in Vietnam.